The Philippines is composed of 7,100 islands, an archipelagic nation lying in the Pacific and sits on the Pacific ring of fire. Due to this geographic and climatology features, the country is the third country in the world most vulnerable to the impact of climate change.
The country’s vulnerability is compounded with the basic crisis of having a population of more than 100 million and more than 75 % of whom are considered poor, landless and powerless.
Impacts of climate change are increasingly devastating and affect agriculture, ecosystems, livelihood and human health. More than 20 typhoons visit the country every year. Typhoon Haiyan, locally named Yolanda, struck the Visayas Region in November 8, 2013 and affected an estimated 14.1 million people across nine
regions particularly Samar, Leyte, and Iloilo and killing 15,000-19,000 people (IBON).
Several months after, four million one hundred thousand (4.1 million) people are still displaced. The Yolanda experience was a wake up call to development organizations, even those not concerned with disaster risk reduction. The challenge of responding to the magnitude of the task, gave rise to the establishment of the Climate Change Network for Community-based Initiatives, Inc. (CCNCI).
In January of 2014, various organizations from multi-disciplinary fields of expertise agreed that the response to typhoons with a strength like Typhoon Yolanda and other impacts of climate change need a more comprehensive, multi-disciplinary, scientific and community-based approach. After several consultations and national conferences with different organizations and sectors, the CCNCI was formally launched later that year.